Health & Safety
Bisphenol A Occupational Health and Safety Information
Employees of the plastics industry have been safely
working with bisphenol A for more than 40 years. Occupational
exposures to bisphenol A are well controlled and meet
exposure guidelines set by the U.S.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration and
other international government authorities.
Workplace Standards and Guidelines:
The following is
an overview of the occupational safety precautions involved
with the industrial use of Bisphenol A.
Physical Properties of Bisphenol A
Relevant Work Place Standards
Waste Disposal Recommendations
- Bisphenol A is a solid which melts only at temperatures
considerably above the boiling point of water, i.e.
at approximately 311°Fahrenheit or 155°Centigrade.
- Bisphenol A has low vapor pressure at ambient temperature
- Bisphenol A has a water solubility of 120-300 milligrams
per liter and a greater solubility at alkaline pH
- Bisphenol A is generally not considered to be a
particularly hazardous material because:
- Exposures to vapors are low due to its low volatility
at room temperatures.
- A single brief exposure is unlikely to cause
- Amounts that might be accidentally ingested
in the workplace are considered to have low toxicity.
- Bisphenol A may cause moderate eye irritation or
injury. Goggles are recommended.
- Prolonged or repeated exposure to bisphenol A dust
may cause skin irritation. Exposure to bisphenol A
and sunlight may cause a reaction on the skin (contact
sensitization). Gloves are recommended.
- Bisphenol A dust or vapors may cause upper respiratory
tract irritation. Formation of dusts, and exposure
to dusts and vapors, should be avoided.
- Bisphenol A dust suspended in air may pose a fire
and explosion hazard. Formation of dusts should be
avoided. All equipment should be properly grounded.
Storage tanks should be blanketed with an inert gas
such as nitrogen.
- Equipment containing molten bisphenol A should be
insulated to prevent burns from incidental contact.
- Bisphenol A may react violently with peroxides and
perchlorates. Avoid contact with oxidizing materials.
Work Place Standards
- In the United States, the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration has not set a specific workplace
standard for bisphenol A. There is, however, an exposure
limit for particulates, including bisphenol A dust,
of 15 milligrams per cubic meter for total dust and
5 milligrams per cubic meter for the respirable fraction.
- The American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists has an exposure guideline for particulates,
including bisphenol A dust, of 10 milligrams per cubic
meter and 3 milligrams per cubic meter for the respirable
- In Germany, the maximal workplace concentration
for bisphenol A dusts is 5 milligrams per cubic meter.
In the Netherlands, the maximal accepted concentration
for bisphenol A dust is 5 milligrams per cubic meter.
- To the best of our knowledge, there are no other
workplace standards specifically for bisphenol A.
- Waste disposal must comply with all applicable regulations
including U.S. Federal, State and local laws and regulations,
Canadian national and provincial laws, and European
Union and member state regulations.
- For unused, uncontaminated product, the recommended
disposal options include recycling, re-processing
- For containers empty of bisphenol A, the recommended
disposal options include reuse, recycling, re-manufacture