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Bisphenol A
Environmental Safety

References

Alexander, H. C., D. C. Dill, L. W. Smith, P. D. Guiney, and P. B. Dorn, 1988, "Bisphenol A: Acute Aquatic Toxicity", Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 7, pages 19-26.

Caspers. N., 1998, "No Estrogenic Effects of Bisphenol A in Daphnia magna STRAUS", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 61, pages 143-148.

Caunter, J. E., 2000, Bisphenol A: Multigeneration Study with Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas), Study No. BL6878/B. 91 pp.

Cousins, I. T., C. A. Staples, G. M. Klecka, and D. Mackay, 2002, "A Multimedia Assessment of the Environmental Fate of Bisphenol A", Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, vol. 8, pages 1107-1135.

Heinonen, J., J. Honkanen, J. V. K. Kukkonen, and I. J. Holopainen, 2002, "Bisphenol A Accumulation in the Freshwater Clam Pisadium amnicum at Low Temperatures", Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 43, pages 50-55.

Japan Environment Agency, October 2001, "Survey of Endocrine Disrupting Substances (Environmental Hormones) in the Aquatic Environment (FY2000)," available on the Internet at http://www.nies.go.jp/edc/edcdb/HomePage_e/medb/MEDB.html.
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Klecka, G. M., S. J. Gonsior, R. J. West, P. A. Goodwin, and D. A. Markham, 2001, "Biodegradation of Bisphenol A in Aquatic Environments: River Die-Away," Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 20, pages 2725-2735.

Kolpin, D. W., E. T. Furlong, M. T. Meyer, E. M. Thurman, S. D. Zaugg, L. B. Barber, and H. T. Buxton, 2002, "Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S. Streams, 1999-2000: A National Reconnaissance," Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 36, pages 1202-1211. Full report with individual stream data is available on the Internet at http://toxics.usgs.gov/regional/emc_surfacewater.html.

Sohoni P., C. R. Tyler, K. Hurd, J. Caunter, M. Hethridge, T. Williams, C. Woods, M. Evans, R. Toy, M. Gargas, and J. P. Sumpter, 2001, "Reproductive effects of long-term exposure to bisphenol A in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)", Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 35, pages 2917-2925.

Staples, C. A., P. B. Dorn, G. M. Klecka, D. R. Branson, S. T. O'Block, and L. R. Harris, 1998, "A Review of the Environmental Fate, Effects and Exposures of Bisphenol A," Chemosphere, vol. 36, pages 2149-2173.

Staples, C. A., P. B. Dorn, G. .M. Klecka, S. T. O'Block, D. R. Branson, and L. R. Harris, 2000, Bisphenol A Concentrations in Receiving Waters Near U.S. Manufacturing and Processing Facilities. Chemosphere, vol. 40, pages 521-525.

Staples, C. A., K. Woodburn, N. Caspers, A. T. Hall, and G. M. Klecka, 2002, "A Weight of Evidence Approach to the Aquatic Hazard Assessment of Bisphenol A," Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, vol. 8, pages 1083-1105.

West, R. J., P. A. Goodwin, and G. M. Klecka, 2001, "Assessment of the ready biodegradability of Bisphenol A," Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology," vol. 67, pages 106-112.

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