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bisphenol a and environmental research
Environmental Research on Bisphenol A

Environmental research examines the possible effects of substances in the environment. Research in this section looks at ways to measure bisphenol A in the environment, how it gets released into the environment and what impact it has on the environment.

A Review of the Environmental Fate, Effects, and Exposures of Bisphenol A. Staples, C.A. et al. 1998. Chemosphere. 36(10):2149-73. Abstract available at: Science Direct
Biodegradation of Bisphenol A in Aquatic Environments: River Die-Away. Klecka, G.M., et al. 2001. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry. 20(12):2725-2735. Abstract available at: ET&C Online

A Multimedia Assessment of the Environmental Fate of Bisphenol A. Cousins, I.T., et al. 2002. Human & Ecological Risk Assessment. 8(5):1107-1135. Reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder, Amherst Scientific Publishers. Full Text (666kb, PDF)

Degradation of Bisphenol A in Natural Waters. Dorn, P.B. et al. 1987. Chemosphere. 16(7): 1501-1507. Full Text (512kb, PDF)

Biodegradation of Bisphenol A and Other Bisphenols by a Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacterium. Lobos, J.H. et al. 1992. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58(6):1823-1831. Abstract available at: AEM.


Assessment of the ready biodegradability of Bisphenol A, West, R. J. et al. , 2001, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 67, pages 106-112. Publisher: Springer-Verlag


Fate of 14C-bisphenol A in Soils. Fent, G. et al. 2003.
Chemosphere. 51(8):735-46. Abstract available at: Science Direct

Analytical Method Criteria for the Determination of Bisphenol A in Various Matrices. Prepared by the Bisphenol A Analytical Research Task Group. October 2002. American Plastics Council, Association of Plastics Manufacturers in Europe (APME), and the Japan Chemical Industry Association. Full Text (114kb, PDF)
Quantitative Determination of Bisphenol A in River Water by Cool On-Column Injection - Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry. Markham, D.A., et al. 1998. Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 69(1): 83-98. Full Text (1015kb, PDF)
Bisphenol A Concentrations in Receiving Waters Near US Manufacturing and Processing Facilities. Staples, C.A., et al. 2000. Chemosphere . 40:521:525. Abstract available at: Science Direct
No Estrogenic Effects of Bisphenol A in Daphnia magna STRAUS. Caspers, N. 1998. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 61(2):143-8. Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Bisphenol A: Acute Aquatic Toxicity. Alexander, H.C. et al. 1988. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 7:19-26. Publisher: SETAC

A Weight of Evidence Approach to the Aquatic Hazard Assessment of Bisphenol A. Staples, C.A., et al. 2002. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 8(5):1083-1105. Reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder, Amherst Scientific Publishers. Full text (448kb, PDF)

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Scientific Publications



Migration / Exposure